The situation in Afghanistan
|(The Presidency changes each month to the next member in alphabetical order)|
|Mr. Chen Jian
|Mr. Yañez Barnuevo
|Sir David Hannay
Adoption of the agenda
The situation in Afghanistan
I should like to inform the Council that I have received a letter from the representative of Afghanistan, in which he requests to be invited to participate in the discussion of the item on the Council’s agenda. In accordance with the usual practice, I propose, with the consent of the Council, to invite that representative to participate in the discussion without the right to vote, in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Charter and rule 37 of the Council’s provisional rules of procedure.
There being no objection, it is so decided.
The Security Council will now begin its consideration of the item on its agenda.
The Council is meeting in accordance with the understanding reached in its prior consultations.
Members of the Council have before them the following documents: S/1994/156, letter dated 9 February 1994 from the representatives of the Russian Federation and Uzbekistan addressed to the Secretary-General; S/1994/157, letter dated 7 February 1994 from the Permanent Representative of Greece to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General, transmitting a communiqué of the Presidency on behalf of the European Union; and S/1994/318, letter dated 14 March 1994 from the Permanent Representative of Pakistan to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General.
Following consultations among members of the Security Council, I have been authorized to make the following statement on behalf of the Council:
"The Security Council deeply regrets that the food blockade imposed on Kabul continues. This situation is increasing the hardships of the population in all sectors of the capital, since the humanitarian aid that has so far been provided has not alleviated substantially the plight of hundreds of thousands of the city’s starving inhabitants.
"The Council continues to believe that the seriousness of the humanitarian situation is entirely due to the ongoing fighting in Afghanistan, and calls for its immediate cessation. This fighting has been the cause of the suffering of the Afghan population and of repeated interruptions in the delivery of humanitarian aid in that country.
"The Council therefore calls for an immediate end to the obstacles to the passage of humanitarian aid in order to ensure that future supplies are distributed without hindrance to the whole of the population. In this regard, the Council expresses its appreciation to the countries in the region for facilitating efforts to provide humanitarian assistance to Kabul and other provinces of the country. Furthermore, the Council calls upon the international community to extend urgent humanitarian assistance to Afghanistan in order to alleviate the suffering of the Afghan people.
"The Council stresses the importance that it attaches to full compliance with international humanitarian law in all its aspects and recalls that those who violate international humanitarian law bear individual responsibility.
"The Council welcomes the Secretary-General’s appointment of a special mission to Afghanistan, in accordance with General Assembly resolution 48/208. This mission will canvass a broad spectrum of Afghanistan’s leaders to solicit their views on how the United Nations can best assist Afghanistan in facilitating national rapprochement and reconstruction.
"The Council supports this mission, which is due to leave Geneva soon, and urges all Afghans to assist it in carrying out its mandate and thus promote a cessation of hostilities, the resumption of humanitarian aid and the restoration of peace in Afghanistan."
This statement will be issued as a document of the Security Council under the symbol S/PRST/1994/12.
The Security Council has thus concluded the present stage of its consideration of the item on the agenda.